As one newspaper headline put it, “With COVID, Halloween gets tricky this year.”
For many schools, this Halloween will leave behind the shared candy and refreshments shared by youngsters – especially younger middle graders. Even Trunk-or-Treat gatherings in the school parking lot are getting varied grades (socially distanced cars vs. moderate risk vs. higher risk). Including students who attend virtual lessons also presents new Halloween challenges.
By now many teachers have experience avoiding close-quarters activities and refreshments in class. This year bringing room decorations from home can still provide a festive atmosphere. For teachers meeting students online, Pixabay (Zoom) and Unsplash (Google Meet) are providing free Halloween virtual backgrounds.
Some of Good Housekeeping’s decorating ideas can be shared with kids at home, too. (I would avoid the design featuring blackened plants.) Simply stuffing pillow cases to fashion pumpkins and making witch hats from paper can get students started. Parents may welcome some decorating ideas from school as more families make the choice to up the Halloween home décor in place of venturing away from home this year.
Of course, resources from less-unnerving years past can be adapted to this fall’s classrooms. For example, UNICEF (see below) has gone totally virtual this year.
Conjuring Up Visions
To immerse kids in moving images, try VideoAmy’sFive-Minute Film Festival: Happy Halloween! at Edutopia. The article’s video links – along with links to Halloween issues – are still behaving after five years, but several of the extra resources at the end are defunct. Elsewhere, many teachers recommend the recitation of “The Raven” from The Simpsons (Season 2, episode 3 minute 16). You can look on YouTube or find the episode “Treehouse of Horror” for $2.99 at Amazon Instant Video).
The History Channel features videos, among them an engaging history lesson as well as views of witches, pumpkins, commercialization (“One quarter of all the candy sold annually in the U.S. is purchased for Halloween”), make-up strategies, the psychology of fear, and more. The website also provides a thorough review of Halloween’s development from Celtic beliefs to the relatively recent use of the term ‘trick or treat.’ Horror alert: Video ads now introduce many pages.
EDSITEment! (above) from the National Endowment for the Humanities is a super resource, providing an overview of fall celebrations from other cultures along with Halloween discussion starters and links to lessons and LOC American Memory resources. Discussion and links include Los Dias de los Muertos (The Days of the Dead).
You can see a sample of CSM’s rating approach by checking out this overview of Jonathan Stroud’s The Screaming Staircase (“very, very scary”) from the Lockwood & Co. series.
Lurching into Science and Math
Halloween can enter the science classroom by way of astronomy. Writing at EarthSky, Bruce McClure offers scientific and historical background as he explains why Halloween is also an astronomical holiday, associated with the ancient Celtic cross-quarter day which marks the approximate midway point between the autumn equinox and the winter solstice.
Halloween is one of the year’s four cross-quarter days. It is the modern-day descendant from Samhain, a festival of the ancient Celts and Druids. The Pleiades star cluster also plays a role in this story, because Samhain was said to happen on the night that the Pleiades cluster culminated – or reached its highest point in the sky – at midnight. McClure’s post includes a drawing of the equinoxes, the solstices, and the intervening four cross-quarter days.
For science experiments looking into candy, try this National Public Radio feature. You can decide whether the last few ideas (making faux animal poop from leftover Tootsie Rolls and Hershey’s Kisses) would be a good idea in your class.
MATH? The Census Bureau’s annual Facts for Features 2020 Halloween post is a starting place for number crunching. What on average is the cost per person of the candy consumed at Halloween? How many Trick or Treaters ages 5-15 potentially visit U.S. homes?
Reimaging Service Learning
Halloween can be a time for service learning, collecting food and dry goods for an agency that serves children and others in need.
Of course the best known opportunity for Halloween-related service activities is UNICEF where students learn about worldwide hunger and how they can help. UNICEF has developed a totally virtual process for teachers and students to participate in 2020.
Students can also develop more sensitivity to others’ needs through a Teaching Tolerance grades 3-5 lesson (adaptable for older kids) on stereotypes represented by Halloween costumes: what is sold to girls as opposed to boys, what racial stereotypes are reinforced by some costumes, and more.